Sulaimani is a city located in the Sulaymaniyah Governorate of Iraq, in the country’s northeastern part. It is the second-largest city in the region after Erbil. Sulaimani has a population of approximately 1.5 million people, and it is considered one of Iraq’s most important cultural, economic, and political centers. Many famous Kurdish poets were raised in Sulaimani and the legacy of the writers such as Nali, Salim, Mawlawe, Peramerd, and Bekas is well-reflected in its main streets and avenues. Therefore, Sulaimani is now known as the Cultural Capital of the Kurdistan region of Iraq.
The city is situated in a valley surrounded by the stunning Zagros Mountains, which provide a picturesque backdrop for the city. The city’s climate is classified as semi-arid, with hot summers and mild winters. The temperature during the summer months can reach up to 40°C, while the winter months see temperatures around 5-10°C.
Sulaimani is known for its rich cultural heritage and history, which dates back to ancient times. The city has been inhabited by various civilizations throughout history, including the Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Persians. It has also played a significant role in modern Iraqi history, particularly during the Kurdish resistance against Saddam Hussein’s regime in the late 20th century.
The city’s diverse population includes Kurds, Arabs, Assyrians, and other ethnic groups and the city’s official language is Kurdish, although Arabic is also spoken. In addition, there are many different religious groups living there, including Muslims, Christians, Yazidis, and Kaka’I (Yarsanism).
Sulaimani is one of the major economic centers, with a well-developed industrial sector that includes the production of textiles, food products, and construction materials. It is also home to several international companies that have established their presence in the region. Further, it is a hub for transportation and commerce, with a major airport and several highways connecting it to other parts of Iraq and neighboring countries.
The city is known for its vibrant and lively atmosphere, with a bustling downtown area home to several shops, restaurants, and cafes. The city has a rich cultural scene, with several museums, galleries, and cultural centers that showcase the city’s art, history, and heritage. The Sulaymaniyah Museum is a particularly unique place, with a vast collection of artifacts that date back to ancient times. The city is also close to many tourist places such as Ahmad Awa, Naram-Sin Rock Relief, Chami Razan, and Dukan.
Overall, Sulaimani is a fascinating city that offers a unique and authentic experience of Iraq’s rich cultural heritage and modern economy. With its stunning natural beauty, rich history, diverse population, and vibrant atmosphere, Sulaimani is a place for anyone interested in exploring the best that Iraq has to offer.